Traffic safety experts put driver distraction into three separate categories:
1. Manual Distraction– This is where a driver’s hands are physically taken off the steering wheel.
2. Visual Distraction– This is where your eyes are focused elsewhere and not on the road.
3. Cognitive Distraction– This occurs when your mind wanders away from your focus of driving.
Texting while driving involves all three of these types of distraction and can increase the risk of a crash or near-crash by 23 times.
Studies have shown that talking on a cell phone while driving causes impairment similar to having a blood alcohol limit of 0.08%—the legal limit for intoxication in many states.